Quantity Per Unit -
180 softgels, 250 mg.
Manufacturer - Nordic Naturals
DHA Junior was developed as a delicious way to supplement a child's
diet with the important brain nutrient, DHA. DHA is important for
proper growth and development of the brain, eyes, nervous system and
cell membranes. Great strawberry taste that children love! Contains
naturally existing vitamins A and D. Soft gel can easily be swallowed
or chewed by children over two years of age.
5 Ways Fish Oil Helps Children's Health
Stimulates young minds
Fetuses and infants must get sufficient omega-3 oils for optimal brain
development, says William Connor, Oregon Health Sciences University. In
one telling study of premature infants, those fed breast milk had 8
points higher IQ at age 8 than those fed standard infant formula.
Connor credits breast milk's higher amounts of DHA for that superior
intelligence. In infant rhesus monkeys deprived of omega-3-type oils,
Connor found severely impaired visual acuity and behavior indicative of
a neurological defect. Autopsies revealed abnormalities in brain cells.
Connor advises pregnant women to eat fish a couple of times a week,
especially during the last trimester, the time of greatest fetal brain
growth. And breast-feeding is preferable to infant formula, he says.
You are less likely to express stress-induced aggression if your brain
is under the influence of fish oil, according to Japanese researchers.
In a new double-blind test of 41 students, those taking DHA fish oil
for three months did not become more socially aggressive at a time of
severe mental stress: final exams. In contrast, students taking a dummy
look-alike capsule showed significant jumps in social aggression, as
measured by psychological tests. This effect on stress may help explain
how fish oil prevents heart disease. Stress hormones triggered by
hostility and anger can constrict arteries and accelerate the formation
of blockages, research shows; fish oil may suppress the release of
Children deficient in omega-3 oils may be more likely to have
behavioral and learning problems known as attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder or ADHD, according to new research at Purdue
University. John R. Burgess, assistant professor of foods and
nutrition, tested the omega-3 blood levels of 96 boys, ages 6-12; about
half had been identified as having ADHD. Clearly, Burgess says, "boys
with lower levels of the omega-3 fat scored higher in frequency of
behavioral problems," such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, anxiety,
temper tantrums and sleep problems.
The big question: Does taking more omega-3 and other appropriate fats
cure the deficiency and improve ADHD behavior? That's what Burgess is
trying to find out in a follow-up study. He cautions that only 40
percent of kids with ADHD in his study had low omega-3, so obviously it
wouldn't work in most cases. Burgess also says it's unclear how much of
what type of oils each individual child may need. Whatever you do, he
advises working with health professionals and not stopping other
treatments or medications for ADHD without proper medical advice.
Omega - 3 Fatty Acids and Infant Visual Acuity
To determine the impact of Omega-3 fatty acids on infant visual
development, infants were fed human milk (naturally rich in Omega-3),
or corn oil based formula. At 4 months of age, both pre-term and
full-term human milk-fed infants had significantly better visual evoked
potential (VEP) and forced-choice preferential-looking (FPL) acuity
than formula-fed infants. Acuity was correlated with a dietary Omega-3
sufficiency index from red blood cell membranes obtained at 57 weeks
postconception. At 36 months, full-term human milk-fed children had
significantly better random dot stereo acuity and letter matching
ability than formula-fed children. Stereo acuity and performance on the
letter-matching test were correlated with a dietary Omega-3 sufficiency
index from red blood cell membranes obtained at 4 months. These results
suggest that dietary Omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in
1. Birch E, Birch D, Hoffman D, Hale L, Everett M, Uauy R:
Breast-feeding and optimal visual development. 2. J Pediatr Ophthalmol
Strabismus 1993 Jan-Feb 30:1 33-8 Volume 30/Issue 1. Retina Foundation
of the Southwest, Dallas.
Omega -3 Fatty Acids and Dyslexic and Hyperactive children
A recently published study from North Ireland (2002) shows positive
results regarding the effect of Omega-3 on dyslexic and hyperactive
children.Results could be seen after only 12 weeks of treatment (1).
The study included 41 children with dyslexia (reading difficulties) in
addition to ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). These
conditions commonly occur together. The children were given either
Omega-3 fatty acids or placebo. 22 children received a combination
product consisting of Omega-3 and Omega-6 oils with vitamin E added,
the rest being given placebo capsules. Treatment, comprising 8 capsules
daily, continued for only 12 weeks. Immediately following the
conclusion of the study the children receiving active treatment already
showed significant improvement, in particular those with ADHD symptoms
such as learning difficulties, anxiety and hyperactivity.
Previous studies of ADHD children were conducted using only the Omega-3
fatty acid DHA (2), and no certain effect was proven. The same applies
to a study in which ADHD patients were given evening primrose oil with
Omega-6 (3). Abundant quantities of Omega-6 fatty acids are available
via our normal diet in the form of vegetable oils used in bread,
margarine, cakes, crisps etc. It is therefore improbable that ADHD
children suffer from a deficiency of vegetable fatty acids. On the
other hand, we know from consumer surveys that we eat too little fatty
fish. The authors therefore conclude that it is probably the
combination of Omega-3 fatty acids from fish (EPA) and DHA that is
important producing the positive effect.
It is estimated that approximately 4 % of American children suffer from
ADHD. There have been considerable changes in our diet in recent
generations. Among other things, we eat less fatty fish. Children with
ADHD often display low values of polyunsaturated fatty acids from fish
(4). The study in question shows that children with ADHD and dyslexia
should eat more fatty fish - or alternatively take an Omega-3 dietary
supplement to ensure their daily requirements are met.
1) Richardson AJ and Basant KP. A randomized double-blind,
placebo-controlled study of the effects of supplementation with highly
unsaturated fatty acids on ADHD-related symptoms in children with
specific learning difficulties. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology
& Biol. Psychiatry 2002;26:233-239.2) Voigt RG, Llorente AM,
Beretta MC, et al. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation does not
improve the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD). Pediatr. Res. 1999;45:17A.3) Aman MG, Mitchell EA, and Turbott
SH. The effects of essential fatty-acid supplementation by Efamol in
hyperactive-children. J. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 1987;15:75-90.
4) Stevens LJ, Zentall SS, Deck JL, et al. Essential fatty-acid
metabolism in boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Am. J.
Clin. Nutr. 1995;62:761-768.
WARNING: Pregnant women should avoid freshwater sports fish, which may
be contaminated with environmental chemicals. One of the safest and
best for everybody: sardines.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug